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«Русский архив» (Russkii arkhiv) – российский исторический журнал.

E-ISSN 2413-726X

Периодичность – 2 раза в год.
Издается с 2013 года.

2 December 06, 2018

Articles and Statements

1. Alla V. Shadrina
Criminal Investigative Cases of the Archive of the Rostov Oblast Department of the Russian Federal Security Service as a Source on the History of the Church Schisms of the 1920s and 1930s

Russkii Arkhiv, 2018, 6(2): 97-106.
DOI: 10.13187/ra.2018.2.97CrossRef

The article deals with the analysis of the information resources and specific features of the criminal investigative cases of the Archive of the Rostov Oblast Department of the Russian Federal Security Service as a source on the history of the church schisms of the 1920s and 1930s. Among the set of the cases that have been studied, the most informative and substantial are the criminal investigative cases of the Don clergy of 1922 through 1924, which give a representative factual materials and ideas of the hierarchs and priests who participated either in the renovationist schism or in its opposition. The criminal investigative cases of 1937 and 1938, which contain information on the counter-revolutionary church and monarchic organizations fabricated by the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD), make it possible to partially solve the problem of identification of the priests’ belonging either to the renovationist schism or to the Patriarch’s Church. The 1930s’ sources contain information on the Gregorian schism and its leaders. The study of the criminal investigative cases of that period allows making a contribution to the development of one of today’s pressing problems: the history of the hierarchy of the Russian Orthodox Church. Despite the fact that the Archive of the Rostov Oblast Department of the Russian Federal Security Service also has criminal investigative cases containing information on the priests from Rostov Oblast who belonged to the Lubny schism, the sources criticism allows us to state that in the parishes of the Don and Novocherkassk Diocese there were no priests involved in that schism.

URL: http://ejournal16.com/journals_n/1544096129.pdf
Number of views: 151      Download in PDF

2. Nicholas W. Mitiukov, Anatoly N. Loshkarev, Svetlana L. Bautina
Letters from the “Vorotov’s Folder” as a Source about Votkinsk’s Shipbuilding

Russkii Arkhiv, 2018, 6(2): 107-115.
DOI: 10.13187/ra.2018.2.107CrossRef

The article analyses the letters stored in the “Vorotov’s folder” from the funds of the museum of the Votkinsk plant, written to A.Z. Vorotov, the director of the Museum of the Votkinsk plant. Letters of A.N. Uteshev (former employee of the Belsk Shipping Company), M.P. Utkin (veteran of the Amur Shipping Company) and E.N. Serebryakov (an employee of the Izhevsk operational office) are valuable evidence of a bygone era. Compiled on the basis of their own memories and questioning of the colleagues, they provide information which cannot be found in other sources. The Letter of E.N. Serebryakov confirms the earlier suggestion that all the ships available in the Izhevsk operating office were built in Votkinsk. However, like most of the sources of personal origin that have come down to us, they are characterized by some confusion in the presentation of the material. This is especially true of the names and dates. Therefore, using these works as historical sources, the serious criticism is necessary.

URL: http://ejournal16.com/journals_n/1544096149.pdf
Number of views: 144      Download in PDF

Publications of Sources

3. Piyotr A. Avakov
“…Prostrating Your Majesty's feet, I Congratulate You with Inexpressible Joy”: B.Ch. Münnich’s Report on Perekop Line Assaulting (1736)

Russkii Arkhiv, 2018, 6(2): 116-121.
DOI: 10.13187/ra.2018.2.116CrossRef

The report of Field Marshal Count B.Ch. Münnich to Empress Anna Ioannovna on the successful assault on the Perekop line defending the passage to the Crimean peninsula is published for the first time. This action of 1736 initiated the first ever invasion of the Russian army into the Crimea, marking the beginning of a new stage in the centuries-old confrontation between Russia and the Crimean Khanate. The document is stored in the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts (RGADA). The conciseness of the report is due to the fact that it was written in the coming hours after the Russian troops broke through the shaft of Perekop, before the completion of the military operation.

URL: http://ejournal16.com/journals_n/1544096162.pdf
Number of views: 167      Download in PDF

4. Artyom Y. Peretyatko
“We Must Hurry to Compile such Historical Works about Each of the Cossack Hosts”: the Program of N.A. Maslakovets for the Official History of the Cossacks. Part 1

Russkii Arkhiv, 2018, 6(2): 122-136.
DOI: 10.13187/ra.2018.2.122CrossRef

The Ministry of War of the Russian Empire attempted to write an official history of the Cossacks in 1899–1912. The program for this history was commissioned with the prominent military official Lieutenant-General N.A. Maslakovets. Although the official history of the Cossacks was never created, prepared by N.A. Maslakovets document is of undisputed interest. Firstly, it explains the logic of the government's actions in the course of writing the official history of the Cossacks. Secondly, the manuscript of N.A. Maslakovets shows the level of representation of the Russian society about the past of the Cossack Hosts in early 20th century. And finally, this text is important for understanding the personality of N.A. Maslakovets, who was the key expert of the Ministry of War on the Cossack issues in 1890–1900.

URL: http://ejournal16.com/journals_n/1544096174.pdf
Number of views: 159      Download in PDF

5. Oleg A. Grom
First World War through the Prism of the Southern Russian Press (1914–1916)

Russkii Arkhiv, 2018, 6(2): 137-154.
DOI: 10.13187/ra.2018.2.137CrossRef

The article contains a set of publications from the military periodicals published in the South of Russia during the First World War: “Listok Voiny” (Leaflet of War), two editions from Rostov-on-Don and Ekaterinodar, “Voennyi Vestik” (Military Bulletin, Ekaterinodar), and “Severo-Kavkazskii Listok Voiny” (The North Caucasian Leaflet of War, Stavropol). The published texts give an account of the participation of the region’s population in the wartime events, reactions on the issues of refugees, captivity, everyday life in the home front cities. The eyewitnesses accounts (for example the letters of Iliya Gammal) are of an especial interest. The newspapers were main source of information on the war, and the study of this type of historical sources allows us to understand better how the reading public in the South of Russia imagined the war.

URL: http://ejournal16.com/journals_n/1544096197.pdf
Number of views: 158      Download in PDF

6. Anna N. Eremeeva
“I Feel it’s my Duty tо Say the Following…”: Letters to the Main Department of Vocational Education about the Situation in the Kuban Polytechnic Institute in the Beginning of the 1920's

Russkii Arkhiv, 2018, 6(2): 155-164.
DOI: 10.13187/ra.2018.2.155CrossRef

The publication deals with the history of the first higher school of Kuban region, Kuban Polytechnic Institute (KPI), through the prism of letters to the Main Department of Vocational Education. The documents were written in the second part of 1920 and in the first half of 1921. The authors of the letters are the representatives of the revolutionary students, secretaries of the Communist cells in KPI. They informed about the situation in the higher school, the political moods of students and teachers. Hostility of some of them to Soviet power is due to their recent cooperation with anti-Bolshevik regimes. Manifestations of opposition between revolutionary and "old" students are described. The consequences of the recent competitive existence of two single-profile institutions in the same city are reproduced. It is reported about the difficult financial situation of the Kuban Polytechnic Institute, lack of necessary space and supply of students and teachers, which adversely affected the educational process. The letters are located in the Fund of the Main Department of Vocational Education (Branch of higher technical education) of the State Archive of the Russian Federation. All documents are publishing for the first time.

URL: http://ejournal16.com/journals_n/1544096211.pdf
Number of views: 162      Download in PDF

7. Igor G. Ivantsov
The New Documents About the Activity of the Krasnodar Guerrilla Groups. 1942–1943

Russkii Arkhiv, 2018, 6(2): 165-174.
DOI: 10.13187/ra.2018.2.165CrossRef

The events of the Great Patriotic War, the occupation of large parts of the country by the enemy armies have become an ordeal in the destiny of the peoples of the USSR. The issue of the study of the history of the fighting partisan detachments and connections in the rear of the enemy are still relevant today. The all contemporary Russian society is interesting in this issue. The historical archival study of the documents on the guerilla groups in all the country as well as in the Kuban region is one of the most important directions in the study of guerilla movement. The work on detecting information about guerrilla movement is maintained for a long time. There is a large amount of literature on this topic, but there are many disclosed issues and pending discussions. However, the new archival documents on these issues are being declassified, which contributes to the further study of the history of the guerrilla movement in their entirety.

URL: http://ejournal16.com/journals_n/1544096226.pdf
Number of views: 141      Download in PDF

8. Arailym S. Mussagaliyeva
Tselinograd as Soviet Project of a Virgin Soil Campaign in the USSR: on the Materials of the State Achieve of Astana City

Russkii Arkhiv, 2018, 6(2): 175-191.
DOI: 10.13187/ra.2018.2.175CrossRef

The article reveals the history and development of the Kazakh city Tselinograd, as the Soviet project of USSR virgin soil campaign. The all-Union agrarian project is a significant part of the history of the Soviet Union. The archival documents of this project are always interesting. The city became the center of Tselina krai, established in 1960 in Northern Kazakhstan that was the organizational center of the virgin and lay lands development in Kazakhstan. Everything was important for the city development: construction of residential buildings, public schools, objects of cultural and community purpose, communal services, consumer and trade services, plant of panel construction etc. The main direction was to turn a provincial town Tselinograd into the center of the Kazakhstan region of the new Tselina krai. The city had to become a symbol of the large Soviet agrarian project in mastering virgin and lay lands in the Soviet Union. The beginning of city building meant transition of the republic to the new qualitative level of development in the conditions of the state agrarian sector. Documents are taken from the fund of Tselina Krai Council of Deputies of Workers and its executive committee (Krayispolkom) in State Achieve of Astana city. All the documents are published for the first time.

URL: http://ejournal16.com/journals_n/1544096243.pdf
Number of views: 151      Download in PDF

full number
URL: http://ejournal16.com/journals_n/1544096356.pdf
Number of views: 172      Download in PDF

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