Abstract: The article analyzes promising research approaches related to the sequential translation of archival documents into digital format, transforming traditional source-study concepts. The selected issues did not receive full and comprehensive coverage in the national historiography, which turned mainly to the technical aspects of documentary digitalization. The author's concept is based on the basic concepts of theoretical source study, as well as empirical material and personal observations, consolidated as a result of practical activities in the State Archives of the Rostov Region. Research practice related to the targeted use of digital images of archival documents has favorable prospects associated with a qualitative change in the initial conditions of the scientific work of a professional historian. In the foreseeable future, modern historians will turn to a comprehensive analysis of electronic documentary complexes, allowing to reconstruct a significant array of valuable historical evidence. In this context, the organic synthesis of traditional source-based approaches and the latest models formed by the growing technical capabilities of the information society is of fundamental importance.
Abstract: The photos of the vessels of Izhevsk and Votkinsk ponds from private collections are a valuable historical source, allowing to clarify and supplement the information from the written sources. The photo from the collection of A.V. Korobeynikov is probably the only image of the boat “Pioner” or “Komsomolets”. The photo from the V.A. Musienko collection argues that the steamer “Krasny Splavshik” when transferring Izhevsk operational office became “Zvezda”. The photo by V.A. Temin depicts a previously unknown image of the Izhevsk steamer “Krasny Splavshik”. The photo by L. Sterkhova proves that the boat “Otvazhny” is a serial modification of self-propelled barges of the type “Takelazhnitsa”. The photo by O. Larionova is probably the only one image of the boat “Osvod”. The photo from the collection of R.V. Golev, probably represented the boat “Moryak”.
Abstract: The Ministry of War of the Russian Empire attempted to write an official history of the Cossacks in 1899–1912. The program for this history was commissioned to make by prominent military official Lieutenant-General N.A. Maslakovets. Although the official history of the Cossacks was never created, prepared by N.A. Maslakovets document is of undisputed interest. Firstly, it explains the logic of the government's actions in the course of writing the official history of the Cossacks. Secondly, the manuscript of N.A. Maslakovets shows the level of representation of the Russian society about the past of Cossack Hosts in the beginning of XX century. Finally, thirdly, this text is important for understanding the personality of N.A. Maslakovets, who was the key expert of Ministry of War on Cossack issues in 1890–1900.
Abstract: 1917–1918 were a milestone in the history of the spiritual educational institutions of the Russian Orthodox Church. The Soviet government, starting in December 1917, created a legislative base, the purpose of which was the destruction of confessional education. In 1918, after the publication of the Statute on the Unified Labor School of the RSFSR, all theological schools were destroyed. In contrast to the central provinces of Russia, in the Don Region the situation was different. Thanks to the creation in May 1918 of the Don Republic of the Great Don Army and the support of the army government, religious educational institutions continued their activities on the Don until 1920, the year of the final establishment of Soviet power.
Abstract: The Great Patriotic War, the occupation of a very large part of the country, cities and villages was the severe trial both for the entire people of the country and individuals. One of the episodes of this most severe trial was the occupation of Krasnodar in August 9, 1942. The history of hostilities, partisan resistance in the occupied cities and villages, evoke the invariable interest of modern Russian society. No less important is the search and study of letters, diaries, and other documents of personal origin. They are often very informative and clearly reveal both the events that took place, witnessed by their contemporaries, and their moods, well-being, and expectations. In some cases, at the same time, such documents are also striking evidence of the tragic hopelessness of the situation in which the inhabitants of the occupied territories found themselves. The work on the discovery of documents of personal origin in our country has been and is being conducted for a long time. Nevertheless, each new document of personal origin revealed denotes a new facet of the tragedy of the occupation.
Abstract: On November 2, 1942, it was established the Extraordinary State Commission (ESC) with the aim to the Emergency State Commission in order to establish and investigate the crimes of the German fascist invaders and their accomplices and the damage they caused to citizens, collective farms, public organizations, state enterprises and institutions of the USSR. In the krais and regions of the USSR liberated from the occupation, the regional commissions for assistance to ESCs were created.
This publication of the documents throws light on the creation, work and outcome of the activity of the Rostov Regional Commission for the Establishment and Investigation of the Crimes of the Nazi Invaders and the Damage Caused by Them in the territory. All the documents are stored in the Rostov Region Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History and are being published for the first time.
Abstract: The history of the Ostarbeiters has become the subject of special studies only in recently. However, it still contains quite a few unknown plots. The introduction of new documentary complexes into the scientific circulation will allow the elimination of the “white spots”. These include the questionnaires that the Ostarbeiters filled out upon returning from Germany.
This publication presents questionnaires and descriptions of the circumstances of the sojourn in Germany of two Soviet women – Vera Lieberovskaya and Veronika Sekhniashvili. An accompanying document (a note by the first secretary of the Grozny Regional Committee of the VKP(b) F. Cheplakov) is also published. All the documents are stored in the fund R-7021 “Questionnaires for Soviet citizens who returned from German captivity to the mountains. Grozny” in the State archive of the Russian Federation.
Vera Liberovskaya was a Russian dramatic actress. Before the Nazi occupation she served in the Smolensk Regional Theater. Veronika Sekhniashvili was her adopted daughter, she was a teacher by education. In 1944, both women were hijacked to Germany. The documents provide valuable information about the life and work of Ostarbeiters in Germany. The descriptions of the activities of theater brigades for “serving the camps of Russian workers” represents a particular interest.